Mr. Keith Lawrence Goldstein's Blog



Structural Equations Modeling of Mainstream and Deviant Subcultures
Bookmark and Share

Monitoring the Future with Structural Equations Modeling (SEM)

The following study makes use of "Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of the Lifestyles and Values of Youth". This analysis uses SEM, by means of the SPSS Program AMOS, which allowing us to measure the role overarching factors play on school disengagement. In the first graph I examine whether engaging in the use of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana influences disengagement with school: being held back (BEH), finding school hard (HARD), and hating school (HATE). In the second graph, I examine whether belonging to an environment (school) where one's peers engage in deviant behavior affects the relationship between personal belonging in a deviant subculture and disengagement.

Graph One: Personal Use of Substances and School Disengagement

One's personal belonging to the divergent subculture in the 8th grade has a high covariance with smoking cigarettes (factor loading=.85). Disengagement with school has a moderate covariance with hating school. Personal belonging to this divergent subculture has a relatively high amount of covariance with disengagement (factor loading=.45).

 

Graph Two: Peers in one's school who use substances and disengagement

Here we see that while cigarettes are not the most directly related with deviant subcultures at the school/ peer level as they are at the personal level. The influence of a deviant school subculture has less of a covariance with disengagement than personal membership in a deviant subculture.   

 

Graph 3:

Here we see that the indirect effect of a school subculture is very strong, while the direct effect on disengagement is very weak. Being in a deviant school, causes one to be deviant, which causes disengagement.

 

 

 

We would like to thank the  United States Department of Health and Human Services and  the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Data Archive (SAMHDA) of the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) for collecting and providing this data

1
Anonymous
12-Aug-2016, 19:50
Your answer was just what I needde. It's made my day!

2
Anonymous
08-Oct-2012, 9:35
Hello Rayme, thanks for siptpong by! I am hearing that this is a very common thread in many relationships. Authentic relationships take time, and all parties must go through their individual healing to fully embrace each other. Sometimes that happens, and sometimes it doesn't. Initially, when my friend began to open up, I was afraid of what the ending would be. As the conversation unfolded, it was clear that she had a balanced view of the situation; she was able to treasure what we built together, and was committed to us growing together as long-time friends, while being truthful to herself. On the other hand, I've had cases in which ties were severed, and guess what that's cool too! In that scenario, I believe my former friend was wed to her own insecurities and what she felt was an inability to measure up to her preconceived notion of my greatness. (Can't fault her entirely for that! LOL!) I decided a long time ago that that would NOT be my hang-up, and even through the hurt, came to accept that we'd never be the friends that we once romanticized being as younger women. Hope to see you again soon. I'll be keeping tabs on your fantastic blog!

3
Anonymous
08-Oct-2012, 9:35
Hello Rena,Thanks for stopping by, and for scbiuribsng. I really do appreciate the feedback, especially when it is because something has resonated with a reader. I read your comment several times, as I wanted to take the time to respond carefully. You certainly did the right thing in confronting your friend, despite the answer you received. You acted on Spirit. It may or may not be too late to repair the relationship, but only time will reveal the answer. One thing is for sure, we have to live with our own truth, and can't impose it on anyone else, or vice versa. Sometimes, we DO grow apart as friends, but even when that does happen, newer and more meaningful (real)ationship can emerge even from broken ones. If they don't, that's also fine as well. We move on and grow anyway! Individually, each person in the relationship has to decide whether they truly want to move on, or hang on to old hurts. Some people don't want to get past go , because it is easier for them to stand in the places of hurt, than extend forgiveness. THAT is the biggest undertaking of all, but a very necessary one, if we're to have authentic relationships, that are free of pretense, and eliminate the need for apologies or explanations.Thanks again Rena! Keep on reading, and I'll keep on writing!

4
Anonymous
08-Oct-2012, 4:32
Hello Rena,Thanks for stopping by, and for suisbricbng. I really do appreciate the feedback, especially when it is because something has resonated with a reader. I read your comment several times, as I wanted to take the time to respond carefully. You certainly did the right thing in confronting your friend, despite the answer you received. You acted on Spirit. It may or may not be too late to repair the relationship, but only time will reveal the answer. One thing is for sure, we have to live with our own truth, and can't impose it on anyone else, or vice versa. Sometimes, we DO grow apart as friends, but even when that does happen, newer and more meaningful (real)ationship can emerge even from broken ones. If they don't, that's also fine as well. We move on and grow anyway! Individually, each person in the relationship has to decide whether they truly want to move on, or hang on to old hurts. Some people don't want to get past go , because it is easier for them to stand in the places of hurt, than extend forgiveness. THAT is the biggest undertaking of all, but a very necessary one, if we're to have authentic relationships, that are free of pretense, and eliminate the need for apologies or explanations.Thanks again Rena! Keep on reading, and I'll keep on writing!

5
Anonymous
08-Aug-2011, 22:30
Always a good job right here. Keep rollnig on through.

6
Anonymous
08-Aug-2011, 10:13
What a neat article. I had no ikninlg.

Leave a comment: